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Carlton Road, Pontefract, West Yorkshire WF9 2QQ

01977 643129

headteacher@carlton.wakefield.sch.uk

Carlton Junior And Infant School

Carlton protects and cares

Science

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Plants

Know and name a variety of common wild and garden plants

Know and name the petals, stems, leaves and root of a plant

Know and name the roots, trunk branches and leaves of a tree

Know and explain how seeds and bulbs grow into plants

Know what plants need in order to grow and stay healthy (water, light & suitable temperature)

Know how water is transported within plants

Know the plant life cycle, especially the importance of flowers

 

 

 

Animals, including humans

Know the name of parts of the human body that can be seen

Know how to classify a range of animals by amphibian, reptile, mammal, fish and bird

Know and classify animals by what they eat )carnivore, herbivore and omnivore)

Know how to sort by living and non-living things

Classify things by living, dead or never lived

Know how a specific habitat provides for the basic needs of things living there (plants and animals

Match living things to their habitat

Name some different sources of food for animals

Know about and explain a simple food chain

Know about the importance of a nutritious, balanced diet

Know how nutrients, water and oxygen are transported within animals and humans

Know about the skeletal and muscular system of a human

Identify and name the parts of the human digestive system

Know the functions of the organs in the human digestive system

Identify and name the different types of human teeth

Use and construct food chains to identify producers, predators and prey

Know the life cycle of different living thins e.g. mammal, amphibian, insect and bird

Know the differences between different life cycles

Know the process of reproduction in animals

Identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system

Know the function of the heart, blood vessels and blood

Know the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on health

Know the way in which nutrients and water are transported in animals including humans

Living things & habitats

 

Classify things by living, dead or never lived

Know how a specific habitat provides for the basic needs of things living there (plants and animals)

Match living things to their habitat

Name some different sources of food for animals

Know about and explain a simple food chain

 

Use classification keys to group, identify and name living things

Know how changes to an environment could endanger living things

Know the life cycle of different living things e.g. mammal, amphibian, insect and bird

Know the differences between different life cycles

Know the process of reproduction in plants

Know the process of reproduction in animals

Classify living things into broad groups according to observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences

Know how living things have been classified

Give reasons for classifying plants and animals in a specific way

Evolution and inheritance

 

 

 

 

 

Know how the Earth and living things have changed over time

Know how fossils can be used to find out about the past

Know about reproduction and offspring  (recognising that offspring normally vary and are not identical to their parents)

Know how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment

Link adaptation over time to evolution

Know about evolution and can explain what it is

Rocks

 

 

Compare and group rocks based on their appearance and physical properties, giving reasons

Know how soil is made and how fossils are formed

Know about and explain the difference between sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rock

 

 

 

Everyday Materials

Know the name of the materials an object is made from

Know about the properties of everyday materials

Know how materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching

Know why a material might or might not be used for a specific job

 

 

 

 

Properties & Changes in materials

 

 

 

 

Compare and group materials based on their properties (e.g. hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity, [electrical & thermal], and response to magnets

Know and explain how a material dissolves to form a solution

Know and show how to recover a substance from a solution

Know and demonstrate how some materials can be separated (e.g. through filtering, sieving and evaporating)

Know and demonstrate that some changes are reversible and some are not

Know how some changes result in the formation of a new material and that this is usually reversible

 

States of matter

 

 

 

Know the temperature at which materials change state

Know about and explore how some materials can change state

Know the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle

Group materials based on their state of matter (solid, liquid, gas)

 

 

 

Light

 

 

Know that dark is the absence of light

Know that light is needed in order to see and is reflected from a surface

Know and demonstrate how a shadow is formed and explain how a shadow changes shape

Know about the danger of direct sunlight and describe how to keep protected

 

 

 

Know how light travels

Know and demonstrate how we see objects

Know why shadows have the same shape as the objects that casts them

Know how simple optical instruments work e.g. periscope, telescope, binoculars, mirror, magnifying glass etc

Sound

 

 

 

Know how sound is made, associating some of them with vibrating

Know how sound travels from a source to our ears

Know the correlation between pitch and the object producing a sound

Know the correlation between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it

Know what happens to a sound as it travels away from its source

 

 

Forces and magnets

 

 

Know about and describe how objects move on different surfaces

Know about how a simple pulley works and use to lift an object

Know how some forces require contact and some do not, giving examples

Know about and explain how magnets attract and repel

Predict whether magnets will attract or repel and give a reason

 

Know what gravity is and its impact on our lives

Identify and know the effect of air and water resistance

Identify and know the effect of friction

Explain how levers, pulleys and gears allow a smaller force to have a greater effect

 

 

Seasonal changes

Name the seasons and know about the type of weather in each season

 

 

 

 

 

Earth and space

 

 

 

 

Know about and explain the movement of the Earth and other planets relative to the Sun

Know about and explain the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth

Know and demonstrate how night and day are created

Describe the Sun, Earth and Moon (using the term spherical)

 

Electricity

 

 

 

Identify and name appliances that require electricity to function

Construct a series circuit

Identify and name the components in a series circuit (including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers)

Predict and test whether a lamp will light within a circuit

Know the function of a switch

Know the difference between a conductor and an insulator; giving examples of each

 

Compare and give reasons for why components work and do not work in a circuit

Draw circuit diagrams using correct symbols

Know how the number and voltage of cells in a circuit links to the brightness of a lamp or the volume of a buzzer